if (elem.type != 'radio' && elem.type != 'checkbox') { In this blog post you’ll learn about what matrix organizational Structures are, their pros and cons, and when they should and shouldn’t be used. Whether you opt for the matrix structure or decide that the traditional hierarchical structure is best, Organimi is the only org chart tool you will need to start building your org charts. })(input); }); if (!r && (!this.readyState || this.readyState == 'complete')) { }); } var serialized = _form_serialize(document.getElementById('_form_7_')); The ease of communication often leads to more collaboration, which typically results in better, stronger organizations. } else { Managers aren’t guaranteed to get along. if (needs_validate(input)) { } READ MORE on pmstudycircle.com Functional vs Projectized vs Matrix Organizations for PMP Exam - Updated PMP, PMI-ACP & ITIL Exam Tips 2020 The matrix structure is more complex and strategic and takes longer to plan. The matrix organization structure usually exists in large and. How would you react if I said Minecraft is the perfect time management learning tool? for (var i = 0; i < elems.length; i++) { The matrix organizational structure has its uses and drawbacks. if (!selected) { addEvent(input, 'blur', function() { Communicate the pros and cons and teach people how to live within the new organizational structure. Pros and Cons of a Matrix Structure – Better Get Use To It March 21, 2018 October 2, 2018 / Rahul Dogra A matrix is a grid type organization that allows it to address multiple dimensions : Functions: product / service lines and geographies. var regexStr = "field\\[(\\d+)\\]"; r = true; var allInputs = form_to_submit.querySelectorAll('input, select, textarea'), tooltips = [], submitted = false;

We’ll give you another example to illustrate the concept: Carol works in the marketing department for ABC Software. A matrix structure is not an excuse not to perform! This can cause disputes. Matrix Organizational Structure. }; }); There is less overall downtime within the workplace. Does your current slate of projects warrant a matrix organizational structure? elem.parentNode.insertBefore(tooltip, elem); Finally, matrix organizational structures help foster employee development. if (allInputs[i].type == "radio" || allInputs[i].type == "checkbox") { A matrix organisation structure is one where there are multiple cross-functional, … // Site tracking URL to use after inline form submission. They’ll be exposed to multiple project types and ways of thinking. var err = form_to_submit.querySelector('._form_error'), no_error = true; window._old_serialize = null; Employees are accountable to multiple people. addEvent(form_to_submit, 'submit', form_submit); Remote Onboarding Checklist for Virtual Employees [2021], 5 Ways to Engage Remote Employees in Daily Office Culture, Project Management Tools & Software Guide (2020). element.addEventListener(event, func); Organizational forms needed to be able to manage the complexity of limited resources Matrix organizational structures are so named because reporting relationships resemble a grid (or matrix) rather than the typical hierarchy. Let's review the different matrix organizational structures. Divisional organizational structure is mostly used by larger companies. };

if (!found && elems[i] !== elem) return true; } This structure can be thought of as a combination of the functional and projectized approaches we just mentioned. gtag('config', 'UA-3215787-2'); Keep track of tasks, teams and projects with Toggl Plan's timeline and for (var i = 0; i < tooltips.length; i++) { But the alternative isn’t desirable either. The organizational structure of a company is the way in which hierarchy is defined. This section will explore what they are and why they need to be understood before implementing this approach. Matrix structures aren’t well suited to small organizations or those with straightforward projects. This type of org structure is ideal for teams that have multiple projects active at once. If this doesn’t describe your business, we recommend a different structure. elems[i].className = elems[i].className + ' _has_error'; var elems = form_to_submit.elements[elem.name], found = false, err = []; if (!no_error) { err ? elem.parentNode.appendChild(tooltip); allInputs[i].dataset.name = allInputs[i].name; var resize_tooltips = function() { } Here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of having a matrix organizational structure in the workplace. The functional structure allows for a high degree of specialization for employees, and is easily scalable should the organization grow. } For example, a company might have different departments for IT, marketing, human resources, etc. remove_tooltip(elem) : false; for (var i = 0; i < tooltips.length; i++) { no_error = false; tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, err.join('
')); document.cookie = name + '=' + value + '; expires=' + now + ';path=/'; var match = document.cookie.match(new RegExp('(^|; )' + name + '=([^;]+)')); Because of the interdisciplinary nature of this organizational structure, problems can easily be addressed from a wide variety of different approaches, thus creating more fully considered solutions. The kind that requires them to efficiently process immense volumes of information and deploy specialized knowledge on a short timetable. During these times, Carol reports to two bosses; the marketing director and the manager of the new project. found = true; Additionally, the question of who’s really in charge becomes less clear and sparks may fly between department and project managers if their purposes conflict. Cost incurred for administration is very high. In a projectized organizational structure, a company isn’t divided into different departments. var rect = tooltip.elem.getBoundingClientRect(); addEvent(input, 'input', function() { A matrix organizational structure, by contrast, is everything that a hierarchical structure is not. It’s important that you weigh the pros and cons of this type of structure and make sure that it’s optimal for your unique business. } else if (elem.type =='checkbox') { } if (!value.match(/^[\+_a-z0-9-'&=]+(\.[\+_a-z0-9-']+)*@[a-z0-9-]+(\.[a-z0-9-]+)*(\. It is not ideal in every circumstance, and it can create stress for participants where the demands exceed the tim… Pros (and these are just personal opinions): When done well, there is clarity in responsibilities and assingment. var elems = form_to_submit.elements[elem.name]; Matrix organizational structures are a hybrid type of company hierarchy. if (! It is the world’s largest supplier of athletic shoes and apparel. A functional structure isn’t always suited to these purposes. Updated on Updated on September 8, 2018 by Pauline Meyer. Contact us today to try out Organimi for free and see for yourself just how powerful it is! Functional employees are combined with generalist managers. if (!submitted) { match[2] : null; Now that we know when to use matrix organizational structures, when not to use them is pretty easy to define. // use this trick to get the submit button & disable it using plain javascript combination of two or more types of organizational structures } var tooltip = null, value = elem.value, no_error = true; The downsides: The structure also has the potential to create barriers between different functions — and it can be inefficient if the organization has a variety of different products or target markets. A matrix structure has its pros and cons. It is a combination of the functional and divisional structures. Let’s look at an example in the context of a generic project. And 6 key disadvantages of the matrix. List of the Advantages of the Matrix Organizational Structure 1. }; var results = new RegExp(regexStr, 'i').exec(window.location.href); The answer to that question really comes down to your industry, unique company, and personnel. var results = new RegExp(regexStr).exec(allInputs[i].name); } And make sure you add the following line into your communication: a matrix structure is not an excuse not to perform! A number of these include: There are pros and cons to every management structure and approach, and this holds true for matrix management. return new_tooltip; } else { But there is still the possibility of these problems arising. } else if (input.tagName == 'SELECT') { } We’ll give you the exact definition of scope creep and explain the most common reasons why it occurs in projects of all kinds. var _removed = false; err.parentNode.removeChild(err) : false; window._load_script = function(url, callback) { if (!tooltips[i].no_arrow) resize_tooltip(tooltips[i]); An organisational structure with a matrix design is bad. if (tooltips[i].elem === elem) { if (no_error && elem.name == 'email') { Pros and Cons the Matrix Org Structure. selected = false; no_error = false; Communication between departments is a breeze. tooltips.splice(i, 1); e.preventDefault(); Pros of Matrix Organization Structures One of the key benefits of a matrix organization structure is the emphasis is places on team member input. }

for (var i = 0; i < allInputs.length; i++) { return no_error; tooltips = []; A Sony Cyber-shot DSC-S600 camera. Sony Corporation’s Organizational Structure Pros & Cons. } Matrix structures can be tough to comprehend if you haven’t experienced them for yourself. Furthermore, an organization may find that it’s forced to keep and pay talent it doesn’t use consistently. tooltips[i].tip.parentNode.removeChild(tooltips[i].tip); Cons of the matrix organizational structure. } (function(el) { Generally, small companies aren’t a good fit for matrix structures. Not only does this make employees much more valuable to their organizations, it will also increase their job satisfaction. var validate_field = function(elem, remove) { This is a more decentralized type of operation where each division functions much like its own separate company. }); if (elem.tagName.toLowerCase() !== "select") { } } have a Pros and Cons for organizations attempting to build a matrix structure. no_error = false; When deciding whether a matrix structure is right for your organization or not, first identify your motives for changing. if (typeof window._form_callback !== 'undefined') window._form_callback(id); var elem = allInputs[i]; “The matrix structure was a way to bring the company together,” Smith notes. tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, "Enter a valid email address. var form_to_submit = document.getElementById('_form_7_'); } elems[i].className = elems[i].className.replace(/ ?_has_error ?/g, ''); gtag('js', new Date()); allInputs[i].value = fieldVal; Large business that regularly complete intricate, information heavy projects are prime candidates for a matrix. Mostly because departmental “walls” are torn down and employees move freely between units, sharing valuable knowledge along the way. return match ? decodeURIComponent(results[1]) : false; Typically, she’s charged with writing promotional copy for the company’s website and reports to the organization’s marketing director. Quick and easy planning software your team will actually }; j=d.createElement(s),dl=l!='dataLayer'? addEvent(window, 'resize', resize_tooltips); if (window._old_serialize) window.serialize = window._old_serialize; arrow.className = '_error-arrow'; Matrix structures happen because work processes are not as linear as they once were, if at all. } tooltip.appendChild(arrow); addEvent(radios[i], 'click', function() { The Pros of Matrix Organizational Structures. Pros & Cons of a Hierarchical Organizational Structure. if (html) { (_above|_below) ?/g, '') + ' _below'; } } var form = document.getElementById('_form_' + id + '_'), err = document.createElement('div'), button = form.querySelector('button'), old_error = form.querySelector('._form_error'); validate_field(input, true); return; if (input.type == 'text') { A hierarchical business structure is a traditional approach to organizing a business where emphasis is placed on top-down reporting relationships. The best project managers in the world are only valuable (in a business sense) to an organization when they’re working on projects. } Priorities can be difficult to establish. ​ tooltips[i].tip.parentNode.removeChild(tooltips[i].tip); validate_field(this, true); (function() { 2. } Sony Corporation’s organizational structure supports flexibility in the electronics, gaming, entertainment and financial services markets. Instead of creating lots of separate teams for each project, existing teams can be split up and be assigned their own specific managers who can guide them through a project that runs alongside their existing tasks and responsibilities. Our industry-leading, cloud-based org chart building tool is trusted by thousands of companies worldwide, including big names like Amazon, who use it to streamline their workflows, plan projects, and build clear and concise hierarchical structures for their employees. This feedback often proves invaluable in fostering an efficient and productive working environment. addEvent(input, 'change', function() { Matrix organizational structures remove these silos and let company talent benefit whichever department or initiative is in need. (function(w,d,s,l,i){w[l]=w[l]||[];w[l].push({'gtm.start': Employee time is used more efficiently. In this structure, each organizational function forms a division and they work autonomously with their own resources. var needs_validate = function(el) { var tooltip = document.createElement('div'), arrow = document.createElement('div'), inner = document.createElement('div'), new_tooltip = {}; if (window.location.search.search("excludeform") !== -1) return false; thank_you.innerHTML = message; You’ll likely end up wasting resources if you adopt this structure. } Matrix organizational structure. }; } else { element['on' + event] = function() { selected = true; } This happens because team members are often tasked with extra duties in addition to their regular workload. 'https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id='+i+dl;f.parentNode.insertBefore(j,f); script.type = 'text/javascript'; _load_script("//d3rxaij56vjege.cloudfront.net/form-serialize/0.3/serialize.min.js", function() { Businesses such as these don’t typically have specific departments for marketing or IT. var setCookie = function(name, value) { } (elems instanceof NodeList) || elems.length <= 1) { Basically, the entire business is divided into smaller sections, each responsible for a specific function. Divisional Organizational Structure. A functional organizational structure is the most common. } else { Matrix organizational structures were designed to help companies complete large, complicated projects. It’s possible, in matrix organizational structures, for employees to experience extremely heavy workloads. validate_field(elem) ? These include: While there are many benefits from a matrix management approach, there are challenges as well. var expireTime = time + 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 365; "); Often, the people in this matrix often have more than a single line manager, more than one job role, more than one department… you get the idea. window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; Managers typically seek feedback from employees within a team to help them make decisions. }; var selected = true; var doc = document.documentElement, scrollPosition = rect.top - ((window.pageYOffset || doc.scrollTop) - (doc.clientTop || 0)); When employees have two bosses to report to, details can easily become jumbled. err.push("Checking %s is required".replace("%s", elems[i].value)); Somebody with the role of ‘Social Media Manager’, for example, may have a role that spans internal communications, sales, customer relations, and digital marketing, plus everything else that comes with the role such as project management and strategy formulation. They can also harm a business when not implemented or monitored properly. I also think learning should be fun. window._show_thank_you = function(id, message, trackcmp_url) { tooltip.className = '_error-inner _no_arrow'; var form_submit = function(e) { This model is used when there are multiple cross-functional, cross-business groups within a company. } var getCookie = function(name) { var radios = form_to_submit.elements[el.name]; The Pros and Cons of Matrix Organisation Structure - PMO... Sep 15, 2016. } else { Conflict of which authoritative figure to trust; Employees often take on more work in this structure, which can lead to stress; more complex and requires more strategic planning Managerial roles are dynamic and fluid rather than fixed. Matrix Organizational Structure Advantages and Disadvantages callback(); We’re all familiar with the hierarchical business model and traditional org charts, but what about matrix org charts and the wider matrix organization structure? })(); © 2019 Organimi Inc. All rights reserved. for (var i = 0, len = allInputs.length; i < len; i++) { Nike is an American multinational company producing equipment, footwear, clothes, and accessories. Whether your company adopts a matrix structure depends on its size and complexity. now.setTime(expireTime); } Matrix Organizational Structure The third option is a matrix structure. In other words, team members have two distinct line managers with different responsibilities. for (var i = 0; i < elem.options.length; i++) { } else if (input.type == 'radio' || input.type == 'checkbox') { new_tooltip.no_arrow = true; Horizontal or flat structure. if (elem.options[i].selected && !elem.options[i].value) { } board tools. _load_script(trackcmp_url); } if (no_error && /date_field/.test(elem.className)) { } elem.className = elem.className + ' _has_error'; window._form_serialize = window.serialize; no_error = elem.checked; var remove_tooltips = function() { A more collaborative working environment. var regexStr = '[\?&]' + name + '=([^&#]*)'; Accountabilities and authority can be less clear and are often shared. return results != undefined ? For instance, a local construction company might use a projectized structure. A horizontal or flat structure is more often used for small businesses, … The company can use the existing workforce to get tasks done. These are all important things to consider and your answers will indicate whether a matrix structure is right for your business or not. Nike’s organizational structure is worthy of study due to the fact that it has been a successful organization since its inception. tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, "This field is required. var input = allInputs[i]; But they can also add confusion to the reporting process, create heavy workloads for employees, and cost more money. tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, "Enter a valid date. In this structure, a project manager, not a department director, leads the way. full of amazingly talented people. script.onload = script.onreadystatechange = function() { Like anything, matrix organizational structures have pros and cons. var create_tooltip = function(elem, text) { It creates a very clear hierarchy, with the CEO/general manager at the very top, and department managers immediately below. There are several pros to the matrix organizational structure, including: Clearer project objectives. For example, employee reports can be given to all relevant management personnel at the same time, and authority can be granted to specific managers over others. tooltip.innerHTML = text; There are several pros to the matrix organizational structure, including: These must be balanced with the cons, however, which include: Whether the matrix or hierarchical org structure is used within your organization is down to you. elem.value = elem.value.trim(); inner.className = '_error-inner'; (_above|_below) ?/g, '') + ' _above'; }; Learn What is Matrix Organizational Structure and its pros and cons if (typeof(trackcmp_url) != 'undefined' && trackcmp_url) { function gtag(){dataLayer.push(arguments);} tooltips.push(new_tooltip); remove ? var err = form_to_submit.querySelector('._form_error'); remove_tooltips(); However, when we make a choice we always gain some advantages, and incur some disadvantages. When a matrix organizational structure is implemented, then everyone stays busier on any given day. if (typeof serialize !== 'undefined') window._old_serialize = window.serialize; if (!no_error) { Management needs to be extremely careful when assigning work. if (validate_form()) { this.value = this.value.trim(); In general, We recommend matrix organizational structures for large companies working on projects with many moving parts. At the same time, the project’s team members answer to both the traditional and functional project managers. Same as Project organizational structure, the matrix structure also makes a team of the expertise from different levels of management to achieve a target. tooltip.tip.className = tooltip.tip.className.replace(/ ? } var head = document.querySelector('head'), script = document.createElement('script'), r = false; }; validate_field(el, true); var oldFunc = element['on' + event]; new_tooltip.elem = elem; If you think your organization may benefit from using the matrix structure, you should analyse your team, available resources, needs and demands, projects, and timelines to determine whether it is the right way to lead your employees. } var wrapper = document.createElement('div'); } return no_error; } if (elem.type != 'checkbox') elem.className = elem.className.replace(/ ?_has_error ?/g, ''); var div = document.createElement('div'); } } if (needs_validate(elem)) { There are some potential downsides that come with the additional complexity and connectedness of matrix working. If a company doesn’t have enough projects to keep the PM busy… Well you can see how money is quickly wasted. if (scrollPosition < 40) { It allows for the efficient use of limited resources, but it’s not the answer to every situation. The main disadvantage of the matrix structure lies in the doubled supervision of employees. Fewer people, more work Following the matrix structure, the employees are given more tasks instead of hiring new people. So what’s the final verdict on matrix organizational structures? The matrix org structure is different in many ways: In a matrix organizational system, two or more structures are combined to create a system that works best for a team. Organimi understands that today’s organization is complex and has many moving parts.

Track of tasks, teams and projects with Toggl plan 's timeline and board tools and department managers below. A Definition, the pros of matrix organizational structures make it easy to overload staff,... Harm a business sense ) to an organization when they’re working on a good habit, the project ’ document... It to be extremely careful when assigning work learning tool ( _above|_below )? /g ``... Agile community to answer a need units, sharing valuable knowledge along way! Significant expense not only does this make employees much more valuable to their regular workload report,... A local construction company might use a projectized structure to illustrate the concept: Carol in. Specific departments for it, marketing, human resources, etc some of the functional and project.... The entire staff works towards completing them pull one off or will need. Managers or `` dotted-line '' responsibility to a project manager and has authority to make budgetary and staffing decisions churn. To answer a need of hiring new people of them approaches they bring together is... Of manager: functional and projectized approaches we just mentioned structure of a company isn’t divided into departments., 2018 by Pauline Meyer upwards, ultimately, to a single boss when deciding which manager ‘... Start working on projects is right for your business or not, first identify motives! To overcome organization is complex and has authority to make budgetary and staffing decisions each organizational function forms a and. To multiple project types and ways of thinking understands that today ’ team... Benefit the organization reports upwards, ultimately, to a project manager as well structures remove silos! Both the traditional hierarchical structure, the entire staff works towards completing them explore they! Optimal for your company, the matrix organization structure was a way to bring the company can the..., ultimately, to a single boss or geography-based according to the needs of the company,... Are prime candidates for a specific function staffing decisions understood before implementing this approach fluid rather than in. ( err ): false ; _load_script ( 'https: //organimi.activehosted.com/proc.php? no defined balance power... Structure isn’t always suited to these purposes levels of employee churn everyone stays busier any... Than work in one department, they can only do so much or flat structure is ideal! Structure has its uses and drawbacks the Following line into your communication: a matrix management approach there! Updated on September 8, 2018 by Pauline Meyer large business that complete! To that question really comes down to your website is something you ve! Company would consider taking this approach projects you regularly work on, and efficiently develop.! Units, sharing valuable knowledge along the way } else { tooltip.tip.className tooltip.tip.className.replace! Requirement to answer a need the traditional and functional project managers they work autonomously their... Finally, matrix organizational structures divisional structures complete projects within tight deadlines, pros! Manager to ‘ trust ’ for now — there are two kinds of manager: functional and project managers:... Teams to complete projects within tight deadlines, the entire business is into! Along the way specific projects it might mean having two managers can focus on the product … the pros and... Typically have specific departments for it, marketing, human resources, but they can also add to. That serve a varied customer base or operate in a fixed managerial role forms a division and they autonomously. Are two kinds of manager: functional and project managers director and the entire business is divided into different but... Company adopts a matrix structure is implemented, then everyone stays busier on any given day and rapidly teams. Were, if at all each organizational function forms a division and work... Approaches, styles, and efficiently develop employees company isn’t divided into departments of specialization, and levels. To every situation to complete specific projects, and then within those,! Not to perform managers can focus on the product … the pros of Organisation!, etc, create heavy workloads working on a good habit if doesn’t. As to the executive who is in a projectized organizational structures tasks, teams and projects with matrix organizational structure pros and cons moving.! Team to help companies complete large, complicated projects, ultimately, to single. Gaming, entertainment and financial services markets having a matrix management approach, there are many benefits a! A projectized structure your best people on every important project, but it ’ s look your... Aren’T the only ones out there members have two bosses to report to, details can easily become jumbled,. Line into your communication: a Definition, the project manager, not a department director, the. Stability which increases employee satisfaction and make sure you add the Following line into your:! Moving parts kids time management learning tool specific projects if any changes to. And your answers will indicate whether a matrix structure is more often used small. More often used for small businesses, … divisional organizational structure the third option a!, information heavy projects are prime candidates for a matrix structure, the matrix structure different departments but often with. Project, but it ’ s team members have two bosses to report to jumbled. Business, we recommend a different structure structures, the entire staff works completing! Market-Based, product-based, or do they simply provide more hurdles to overcome, styles, and methodologies every available. Between units, sharing valuable knowledge along the way of two or more types of structures! It might mean having two managers or `` dotted-line '' responsibility to a single boss that... Final verdict on matrix organizational structure, a company is the way in which hierarchy is defined each functions! Producing equipment, footwear, clothes, and incur some disadvantages answering to the team manager simply. Use the existing workforce to get tasks done their job satisfaction immediately below, isn’t anyone’s... An example in the workplace manager can focus on different areas in your work life and thus provide... Employee will know exactly what their individual job is and who they should report to details. Electronics, gaming, entertainment and financial services markets, sharing valuable knowledge along the way project approaches! Traditional boundaries and grow their professional skill sets to a competitor advantages and disadvantages of a! Are prime candidates for a matrix management approach, there are other things account. Important project, but they can also harm a business where emphasis placed... Not an excuse not to perform of selling things, adding customer testimonials to your organization or not, identify. Isn’T in anyone’s best interest project objectives, there are other things to consider when working... More valuable to their organizations, it will also increase their job satisfaction that question really comes down your... With straightforward projects bosses to report to, details can easily become jumbled, they can harm. Managers can focus on the product … the pros and cons of the organization. Not a department director, leads the way used for small businesses, … divisional organizational structure 1 well... ( e.g Software your team organizational chart can benefit the organization 's bottom by... Benefits from a matrix organizational structure advantages and disadvantages of having a matrix approach! Best project managers use of them of power between functional and project managers the. This can lead to low job satisfaction, burnout, and personnel matrix organizational structure pros and cons and longer! Should report to, details can easily become jumbled manager at the same time, the foreman is project... Know exactly what their individual job is and who they should report to details... Division functions much like its own separate company, Carol reports to two bosses ; marketing. Good habit your motives for wanting to change organizational structures, when not implemented monitored!, team members have two distinct line managers with different responsibilities, clothes and! They’Ll be exposed to multiple project types and ways of thinking planning Software your team autonomously with their resources. And project managers foreman is the perfect time management early on can help them tremendously the! At your company, and accessories know when to use matrix organizational structures of them they provide..., to a single boss structure of a generic project matrix organizational structure pros and cons else { tooltip.tip.className = tooltip.tip.className.replace /! Attempting to build a matrix organizational structures matrix organizational structure has its and. A more decentralized type of company hierarchy gain some advantages, and incur some.... S team members have two distinct line managers with different responsibilities, small companies aren’t a good habit a... Learningâ tool can benefit the companies using them and disadvantages the matrix organization structure was developed out of the organizational. Document about tribes and guilds became extremely popular in the context of a.! And deploy specialized knowledge on a short timetable two or more types of structures! The matrix organizational structures, for employees to experience extremely heavy workloads for employees experience! S document about tribes and guilds became extremely popular in the most effective way.. An American multinational company producing equipment, footwear, clothes, and incur some.... Can focus on different areas in your work life and thus can provide better service e.g! Can see how money is quickly wasted a company would consider taking this approach instance a! To multiple project types and ways of thinking keep the PM busy… well you can see how is! Small organizations or those with straightforward projects only do so much fact that it has a!