It oozes a solemn and respectful aura with its numerous well-laid out beautiful storied buildings, platforms, pavilions and halls. But the buildings' Islamic function becomes clear on closer inspection, with the usual figurative decoration mostly replaced by Arabic and Chinese calligraphy. This type spread widely throughout Islamic lands. Built during the Tang Dynasty in 742 AD, Xi’an’s Great Mosque is the oldest in China. Huajuexiang Mosque Restoration (Variant) Great Mosque of Xian (Variant) Date 1368-1398, restored 1980 Style period Hui Associated names. Mosque in Xi'an Image by CHRIS TAYLOR / 500PX Bigger than many temples in China, the Great Mosque is a gorgeous blend of Chinese and Islamic architecture and one of the most fascinating sacred sites in the land. Photos and description of the architecture of the Great Mosque, Xian, China The mosque can be considered a true haven of solitude and an oasis of tranquility located in a crowded area of the city. It's construction started in 742 AD, the first year of the Tianbao Era of Emperor Xuanrong's reign in the Tang Dynasty, and additions were made during the Song (960-1279), Yuan (1271-1638), Ming (1368-1644), and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, which makes it an ancient architectural complex representative of many periods of time. The mosque is still being used as a place for praying mostly by Hui people and other Chinese Muslims. The great mosque is located in a district called the Muslim Quarter, which is inhabited by over 20,000 Muslims. It continued to be used until 1278 when it was partially destroyed during the Hulag… Xian Great Mosque is a complex with different sections inside. A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the religion of Islam. In fact, if you didn’t know where you are, you might think you are inside another temple rather than an Islamic mosque. Another stele, on the other hand, is created by another calligrapher named Dong Qichang from the Ming Dynasty. The Great Mosque has five courtyards leading into each other, its style is Chinese with an Arab influence. When you enter the fourth courtyard you will face a hexagonal pavilion named “Phoenix Pavilion” which looks like a phoenix with its wings spread toward the sides. These features include: Xian Great Mosque has four courtyards inside and when you enter the first courtyard, you can see magnificent dragons. Xian Great Mosque is the largest mosque in China. When adding more than one criteria, choose AND/OR logic to apply, Pick the search criteria, choose the logic to apply, and enter a search value in the empty box, When using both AND/OR, user groups to indicate which logic applies to which terms, This site is adjusted only for landscape mode. Email. Besides, rest assured that your questions will be replied as soon as possible in the comment section. Xian Great Mosque is a sanctuary for Muslims, but as you know already, it features classic Chinese temple features too. The Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil was commissioned by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil. (Video Credit: Walkabout Asia). Muslims had a crucial effect on the unification of China especially during the Yuan and Ming Dynasties. The Great Mosque of Xi’an was constructed sometime around the year 700 AD, and largely dates from this early period, though extensive renovations were undertaken in the 14th century. At the time of its construction, it was one of the largest in the world. You can even see verses of Quran in both Chinese and Arabic which is a scene not to be missed. The first mosque in Samarra was built in 836, but it was replaced between 848 and 852 by the Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil. Xi'an Mosque: An Ancient Mosque with Chinese Architecture - See 1,555 traveler reviews, 1,541 candid photos, and great deals for Xi'an, China, at Tripadvisor. The modern building is the product of centuries of development, with its oldest parts dating to a 16th century Ottoman renovation. The Great Mosque of Cordoba. The Great Mosque in Xi'an is one of the oldest, largest and best-preserved Islamic mosques in China. This item appears in the following Collection(s) Aga Khan Visual Archive Images of architecture, urbanism, and the built environment in the Islamic world The architecture of the Xian Great Mosque. : 128 An active place of worship within Xi'an Muslim Quarter, this courtyard complex is also a popular tourist site. According to historical records engraved on a stone tablet inside, the Great Mosque was built in 742 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). all preserved like a museum. Xian Great Mosque is rather old dating back to the 8th century under the rule of the Tang Dynasty. The Great Mosque of Cordoba. Here you can see Islamic stele in multiple languages including Arabic, Persian, and Chinese. If you continue your path from the Phoenix Pavilion you will reach the large turquoise-roofed Prayer Hall left since the Ming Dynasty, This area is about 14,000 square feet (1,300 square meters) and is filled with hanging lanterns and Chinese plaques which show the Islamic belief. Metro line 2 helps you to reach the Bell Tower station. We were unaware that the most awe-inspiring part of our trip was still ahead of us, at the eastern terminus of the famed Silk Road. Linking China to the Roman Empire, the Silk Road exposed Xi’an to an influx of goods, cultures and religions. Originally built in 742 AD in Tang Dynasty (618 – 907 AD), Great Mosque of Xi'an combined Islamic culture with Chinese traditional architecture seamlessly and became most featured and renowned mosques in China. Islam entered China with Arab and Persian traders on the sea routes from India and Southeast Asia in the first century of Islam, the seventh century CE. Find the Drum Tower and walk through northwest direction for about 5 minutes to find the mosque. In the Tang dynasty, Islam was introduced to China by the Arabian merchants. Another interesting point about Xian Great Mosque is the direction it faces. 3. Inside the mosque will leave you in awe. Architectural Society of China (architect/planner) Huajuexiang Mosque (client) Building type religious Building usage mosque Keywords restoration and conservation Coordinates Take bus 205, 215, 221, 222, 251, 252, and any other buses that help you to reach Zhonglou Xi Station. To combine AND/OR Logic, conduct your search using Group search. If you are curious about the course of history and its events, you can find some known Chinese figures who come from this line of events like beloved national Chinese figure, Zheng He whose ancestor was Ajall Shams al-Din Omar from the city of Bukhara in modern-day Uzbekistan. A total of 80,000 Muslims could worship there at the same time. Walk to the nearby Muslim Quarter to see how Islamic traditions remain in this city. When these people came to China, some of them settled down and married a woman of Han Nationality. Accurate or not, it is true that the oldest Chinese Islam… The gardens with their beauty, add to the mosque’s tranquil environment. Huajuexiang Mosque; Variant names. Built entirely in the architectural Chinese style, the compound of the Great Mosque of Xi’an spreads over 12,000 square meters. This octagonal structure has two functions, the minaret of the mosque and also a pavilion to watch the moon. In this area, you can find many other mosques as well as Muslim food and souvenir markets. The mosque, 13,000 sq meters in size, rectangle in shape, boasts four exquisite courtyards and the holy Prayer Hall. Great Mosque of Xi'an: | | ||| | A walkway in the Great Mosque of Xi'an | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the … Typing a term in the Research bar performs an anywhere search. If you have the chance to see this beautiful Chinese treasure from a close distance, you can understand the Arab influences. We are sorry, we are still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE. The Xian Great Mosque is something one of a kind and is recommended to those who value art, culture, and history of different nations. The names chosen for the courtyards contribute to the tranquility of the Xian Great Mosque complex. The construction began during the Tang Dynasty in 742 and significant additions were made during the Song (960-1279), Yuan (1271-1638), Ming (1368-1644), and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. This is the currently selected item. The Great Mosque in Xi'an is one of the most prominent symbols of Islamic culture in China. Unlike most mosques in Middle Eastern or Arab countries, the Great Mosque of Xi'an is completely Chinese in its construction and architectural style, except for some Arabic lettering and decorations, for the mosque has neither domes nor traditional-style minarets. When you see Xian Great Mosque, you can see that even the minarets are like Chinese pagodas. The stele on the Backs of Antediluvian Bixi – mythical creatures usually seen in Confucian temples that look like tortoises. Please rotate your device for properly using Archnet.org. Take a bus to one of the many nearby stops. The third courtyard or “Place of Meditation” has the mosque’s tallest tower inside. The Great Mosque of Xian is the largest and best preserved of the early mosques of China. The architecture of the Xian Great Mosque. © 2020 Trip Ways LLC. It makes sense that the first place of worship for muslims, the house of the Prophet Muhammad, inspired the earliest type of mosque – the hypostyle mosque. Also, there is a picture of “Mecca”, Muslim city in Saudi Arabia, as well as around 20 inscriptions written in Arabic and Chinese. Gate of the Great Mosque in Xian: Great Mosque is still used by Chinese Muslims (mainly the Hui people) today as a place of worship. We then prepared for the next day’s trip to Xi’an’s Muslim Quarter and the Great Mosque. Absorb the Islamic Architecture built in Chinese style; Originally built in Tang dynasty (618-907), Xi'an Great Mosque had been successively renovated and expanded into the largest complexes of Islamic architectures. Pyxis of al-Mughira. There is an engraved stone tablet inside Xian Great Mosque which states it was built in 742 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The names are Qing Xiu Dian (Place of Meditation), Xing Xin Ting (Pavilion for Introspection), and Sheng Xin Lou (Tower of the Visiting Heart). According to tradition, the first Islamic mission to China arrived in 627 CE and was led by the Prophet’s uncle, who supposedly made his way from the port of Guangzhou in the south to the Tang Dynasty court in Chang’an (Xi’an). The architecture of this mosque represents many significant periods of Chinese history. This tower, also known as “Pavilion for Introspection” or “Tower of the Visiting Heart”, has a height of 33 feet (10 meters). The Great Mosque of Xi'an (Chinese: 西安大清真寺; pinyin: Xī Ān Dà Qīng Zhēn Sì) is the largest mosque in China. Deep inside the Xian Great Mosque. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia, is an archetypal example of the hypostyle mosque. Here you will see another mixture of Islamic architecture and the Chinese one. The Tang Dynasty era was a period filled with peace, trade, influx, and freedom of religion. Xian Great Mosque is also a very beautiful place in spring when the magnolias are blooming in white and pink. So these commercial exchanges led to cultural exchanges and Islam started being introduced into Northwest China. In the 20th century it … The present buildings are mostly Ming and Qing, … The World Asia China Xi'an Great Mosque … The first mosque in China was the Great Mosque of Xi'an, built during the Tang Dynasty in the 8th century CE. Xian Great Mosque is a complex with different sections inside. Xian Great Mosque The History of Xian Great Mosque. Walk in the north direction to reach the Drum Tower and then, walk through northwest direction for about 5 minutes to find the mosque. In a well-arranged layout there are four courtyards, each 1,200 square meter in area with gardens all around. The majority of the mosque was built during the early Ming dynasty. Many Muslims settle… Great Mosque of Xi'an See an intriguing blend of Islamic customs with traditional Chinese architecture in this religious complex of gardens and historic buildings. RELATED READING: 5 Best Dishes in Xi’an. It’s a sacred place representing a mixture of Chinese and Islamic architecture. There is a prayer hall from the Southern Song Dynasty Near the third courtyard named Chixiu Hall. Constructed in the Chinese style to blend in with existing places of worship, the Great Mosque is almost devoid of the traditional features of a Middle Eastern place of worship. When you enter the second courtyard, you can find two towering steles carved with Chinese calligraphy. The mosque was built in the ninth century by Ziyadat Allah, the third ruler of the Aghlabid dynasty, an offshoot of the Abbasid Empire. A mixture of Chinese and Arabic styling, the Great Mosque of Xi’an (西安大清真寺 Xī’ān Dà Qīngzhēnsì) is a direct representation of the Silk Road itself. Usually, buildings face south in China, but Xian Great Mosques, like almost every mosque in the world, faces the holy city of Mecca and in this case, to the west. Xian Great Mosque was built in this period because people from the Middle East had a very good chance of trading, traveling, and relocating to China. Inside the mosque, you can find some hand-written copies of the Holy Quran which date back to the Qing Dynasty. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. A marriage of traditional Chinese architecture and Islamic practicality, the Great Mosque of Xi'an houses more than 20 building across its five courtyards, making it the largest mosque in China. Besides architectural magnificence, Xian Great Mosque also has some rare calligraphic and textual gems too. Media in category "Great Mosque of Xi'an" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. The entire mosque complex is a brilliant blend of Islamic and Chinese architecture. Please use another browser for the best experience with our site. 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