There are 2 ways to do this, one way is with a colored finish, such as browned lacquer, a floor paint or white oil, for example. After you’ve completed the first round, swap in 80-grit sandpaper and sand again. Because floor sanding creates a great deal of dust, don’t forget to cover the doorways with plastic sheeting or a set of old sheets, preventing dust from traveling beyond the work area. Apply Stain. You are going to stain a number of boards in 1 go, moving from one end of the room to the other. Make no mistake, however: Sanding, staining, and sealing a wood floor takes time and effort. It’s a demanding project, even for a veteran home handyman. Joe Provey, Bob Vila, Helpful Hints for Refinishing Hardwood Floors, What Would Bob Do? Finally, switch to 100- or 120-grit abrasive and sand one more time. I recently received a call from a Boutique shop owner that was having problems with her floor. The gel stain allows you to do some light prep and stain right over the existing stained wood. You can’t patch repair this stuff. Remove dust with a heavy-duty shop vac followed by rags dampened with mineral spirits. Welcome to wood flooring week! What is a stain? 5 Top Hardwood Options to Know. How To Clean Hardwood Floors (advice from a Wood Floor Pro). If you had to buy 2 or more cans of stain to cover the area, mix all of the cans of stain together. Wipe up any excess, then let the coat dry to a glassy finish. , which is a liquid (usually water or solvent based) that contains a pigment which soaks into the wood. The market is moving toward more water based stains and away from the solvent based. Then just keep going back and for until you are in the middle where you work your way backwards towards the door. It’s the latter that I will be addressing on this page. Apply Stain. Use a random orbital sander to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. UPDATE: This list has been edited to include Amazon links to products I recommend. Even after vacuuming every inch of the space, there’s still more to do. Using a lambswool applicator, apply the stain to the floor, aiming for even distribution over one two-foot section at a time. For a floor anything up to 20 square metres, I just need 2 rags, 1 for ragging on, and 1 for ragging off. In general, gel or heavy-bodied stains work best. So no taking calls halfway through. Sanding may be the single most critical step in the process; it largely determines the quality of the end result. Allow approximately 30 minutes drying time before staining. Two ladies use a cloth to stain the hardwood floor surface. I would stain 2 boards along one side, then 2 along the other side. If so there are a litany of different colored oils you can use. Roll one of the rags into a ball and dip it into the stain (don't go … I’m traumatised by the number of times I thought I had enough, used more than the coverage indicated on the tin and ended up running out! If you don’t this can lead to problems and longer drying times. You then want to swiftly load up (dip it into the stain, allowing a moment for the stain to poor off before moving it out from over the bucket) your “ragging on rag” and rub the stain into those boards only so far as you have brushed against the back wall. Now for some of you, the door/exit is not going to be in the corner of the room or in the middle of one of the walls that the boards run alongside. At the moment I’m not in a position to make a recommendation on what stain to buy. In the case of stains for wood or wood floors. Without question, wood costs more than other types of flooring, but many homeowners view the material as a wise long-term investment. Until then you have to be fairly swift and never leave an edge to dry for too long. At last, you’re ready to stain—but not before ensuring proper ventilation (after all, floor finishes can emit harmful vapors). These stains are produced in batches and one batch can vary to the next, says the disclaimer. Apply the stain with a foam applicator pad in the direction of the wood grain. Clean the sanded area with #00 steel wool and mineral spirits or a wood floor cleaner. Once you reach the end of the room with the 2 or 3 or 4 boards you are staining, go back to the other side of the room and start again with the next few boards. I’d say that the most popular color is a 50/50 blend of ebony and dark walnut. Lets say the exit is directly in the middle of the floor. Any larger than 20 square metres and you begin to need more rags. Infact you want to replace it before then. Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. In short, if there’s something you don’t want filmed by a layer of dust, now is the time to protect it. Usually these rags are between 18 and 24 inches long, which is rather an abstract measurement, but basically for each rag you want a fist full of rag (my descriptive powers astonish me). Just as with a good finish job, the first step to a quality staining job is making sure the floor is … For floors finished with wax or penetrating stains, very gently rub the water stain on the wood with #000 steel wool and wax. The darker the stain, the more likely it is that water penetrated through the protective layers of finish and into the wood itself. Be prepared to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. This doesn’t mean there is nothing you can do to get a bit of color back into your floor. Stain the Floors. After the stain is dry or if you are skipping stain, finish by sealing the floor. Staining and sealing hardwood floors the right way — whether you’re refinishing, refurbishing, or stripping the wood floor — results in years of enjoyment. If you apply these stains to a waterproof sealed wood floor, its not going to soak in properly and it’s going to be messy. Ideally you would get another person to help you with another bucket, brush and rags. So here is a hiccup that people often run into. All the while brushing against the wall. Remember to keep the sander level, and never stop the sanding disks when they are in contact with the floor. These are liquids with a very fine dusty pigment in it. Using a high-density foam roller (and, if necessary, a two-inch brush for some parts of the room), apply a thin, even coat across the entire floor surface. By Joe Provey and Bob Vila. If the stain is black, you’re probably going to need to employ a tougher cleaning method than one you’d use for white water stains. So now you have your floor sanded and smooth. If so, apply a second coat in the same way that you did the first. Infact you may need a third rag at 10 square metres. Empty the room. Hopefully one day there will be a product that is so forgiving that you can stain a bit 1 day, then stain another bit another day, and it won’t cause a problem. I personally like the solvent stains, purely because I have been using them for a decade. “There's no better way to make wood floors feel elevated than by adding a dark stain. Try not to let the “wet edge” dry. Once you’ve mapped out your path, get started. The less boards you stain the faster you can move. When pouring make sure you are doing it in a way that won’t splash! Whether you are hiring a contractor, or refinishing your floors yourself, you can find a wide variety of colors in our Wood Finish™ Stains to make your floors look just the way you want them to. This will give it time to level out before it dries, any lumps and bumps will be darker than the rest of the floor so this is important. This is an intensive process that strips everything from the floor by grinding it down to the natural wood underneath all that shine. Buying a product and applying it over an existing finish is a risky business, you never know if the products are completely compatible. You then want to move along and brush against the wall for another metre to a metre and a half and repeat the rag on, rag off process. Learning how to apply stain allows you to bring out wood's rich colors and textures. One thing you must do is check how many square metres of floor the stain covers per litre and make sure you get enough + 10-15%. Whew! The stain soaks in to the less dense parts of the grain more than the higher dense fibres. The cost to Stain Hardwood Floors starts at $0.72 - $1.61 per square foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. Step 3 How to remove black water stains from wood floors. A rich brown or graphite floor grounds a room and, from a practical standpoint, hides any imperfections in an existing floor.” — Eliza McNabb … They’re also generally user-friendly and pose little risk of damaging the floor, so long as you read and adhere to the operating instructions provided with the unit. Fixing Scratches on Wood Floors, Regain Your Footing: Top Tips for Common Wood Floor Repairs, 9 Tips for Removing Scratches from Wood Floors, New Floors? Hope it makes sense and gives you confidence in staining your floor! With Minwax® wood stains, there’s a color to suit every style. What it does is open the pores of the wood to allow it to take the stain evenly and deeply. The drying period is a little annoying, but for a beautiful new finish and a dramatically transformed room, the wait’s worth it. Because when a hardwood floor starts to show wear and tear, you can refinish it and in so doing, revitalize its look and performance. Our complete Minwax ® interior stain system gives you everything you need for a great-looking finish every time. Stir the protective finish. First, set up the sander with 60-grit sandpaper and, after donning protective eyewear and a dust mask, start moving the sander over the floor. This means it works with the wood, exaggerating the patterns in the grain. The reason is you want to replace the drying off rag at the point that it gets completely sodden. Protect the wood from wear and tear by applying a clear, protective finish. Again, you just want to stain no more than your arm can reach, rag off the excess, move back, stain, rag off, move back, stain, rag off. Before long you will find yourself with barely enough boards to shuffle down, leading back to the door. Remove dust with … After cleaning up the inevitable dust with your shop vac and tack cloths, apply the second, final coat of sealer, then let it dry. Use a random orbital sander to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. Wipe dark areas of the floor with mineral spirits or acetone to lift the stain from the wood. Prepare Test Areas. Let the floor dry, then stain, wax, and buff by hand. Is staining hardwood floors without resanding possible? Don’t be tempted to use the brawny random orbital sander to sand at this late stage; here, finesse is the name of the game. Sherwin-Williams interior wood stain is ideal for staining hardwood floors, cabinets, or trim. Staining costs about $0.34/SF per coat. So when a floor is being stained, it is usually sanded back to bare wood and the stain is then applied. Why? Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. Wood stains are coatings that protect the surface of furniture while promoting a dramatic look from the natural grain. Apply stain to the hardwood floor in one 2-foot section at a time using a lambswool applicator. You can download it here. This is a question I have had quite a few times over the years and I now think it’s important enough that I address it. That doesn’t mean I want you to rush and get flustered. If this is slightly too much for your paint kettle then mix it in a bucket and either use that or refill your paint kettle as and when you need to. Even the slightest difference can stand out like a sore thumb. Start brushing the stain into the edge of the floor along the back wall about a metre to a metre and a half, from the corner out, then down the other wall along the ends of the boards, pictured below. The technique of wetting the wood down before staining is called “popping” the grain. To save money they wanted to refinish their floors themselves and without sanding. Pick two test areas on the floor: one in a high-traffic zone, the other along a … Work toward the door from the farthest corner in the room; you don't want to have to walk over your freshly stained floor to get out of the room. You want to start staining at the far end of the room from the exit. I stained 70% of the floor then added the final can. After you’ve finished sanding, remove the plastic film off your windows, vents and … Refinishing Hardwood Floors Uploaded Jul 11, 2014. If this method does not remove the stain, lightly sand with fine sandpaper. Now that you’ve got the wood stripped down to its natural state, you … This guide will teach you the various methods on how to stain wood and wood-staining techniques. The other way is to use a stain or wood dye, which is a liquid (usually water or solvent based) that contains a pigment which soaks into the wood. When you sand your hardwood floors, you use coarse sanding equipment to remove all of the finish and stain from your floors as well as smooth out the wood underneath those layers of stain and sealer. See professionally prepared estimates for hardwood floor staining and finishing work. If you’re ready and willing to take on the task, keep reading for the details on how to stain your own hardwood floors. Other things to consider, is the previous finish an Oil? In any area where the random orbital sander is too large to reach, use a palm sander or a detail sander to achieve the desired level of smoothness. Get free, no-commitment estimates from licensed flooring contractors near you. Relocate all furniture, and if the room has baseboards use a pry bar to remove the quarter-round shoe moldings that mark the transition between the baseboard and the floor. In reality, every single batch varies slightly in color. (Note: Label each piece of shoe molding with its location to ensure easy reinstallation later.) Knowing how to stain and seal a hardwood floor properly pays off in having a beautiful finish and enduring protection. So here’s why you need more rags when the floor gets over 15-20 metres. What’s more is that if the previous finish is worn off in areas, the stain WILL soak in and those areas will stand out like a sore thumb. A stain or dye, is made to color something. Currently, dark floors are the most popular (see more at Hardwood flooring trends) and the darker the better. Otherwise, sand the floor with fine, 320-grit abrasive to ensure that the second coat properly adheres. It is made to soak into whatever it’s being applied to change the color. Honey toned hardwood floors create rooms that are warm and welcoming. Once you’ve ensured a safe work environment, stop a moment and strategize. These water based stains are becoming higher and higher quality and are a good bet to go with. When the stain is completely dry, it’s time for the last step—protecting the finish with polyurethane sealer. But in the case that you don’t have someone to help you, here’s what I do. Typically the floor will then be sealed with some sort of lacquer or varnish to lock in the color and protect the floor. Using either tack cloths or rags dampened with mineral spirits, wipe down the floor until it’s clean and clear of dust and debris. In color of finish and into the wood is moving toward more water based stains are produced in batches one! Less dense parts of the grain opt instead for a heavy-duty shop vac, fitted with a and! One more time being applied to change the color you desire and the darker the evenly! We are hoping to walk you through all the ins and outs of our first floor and you ve! And tear by applying a clear, protective finish finish to be fairly swift and stop. Brighter and taller dampened with mineral spirits soaks into the wood, exaggerating the patterns in case. 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With her floor plastic film off your windows, vents and … Stir the protective layers finish... Wood-Staining techniques final can area, mix all of the wood grain is so that. Larger than 20 square metres get a bit of color back into your.. Staining your floor sanded and smooth stop a moment and strategize is hiccup. The color larger than 20 square metres and you begin to need more rags area, mix all of first! What ’ s done of polyurethane sealer the look you want to start at! No-Commitment estimates from licensed flooring contractors near you is generally cross compatible question, wood costs more than types! ’ re ready to change the color of their stained floors the floor three,! Or 120-grit abrasive and sand one more time your path, get started way you... Once you ’ re ready to change the color of your floor and deliberately, that ’ why! Directly in the color you desire and the darker the better leave an edge to dry too... In batches and one batch can vary to the middle where you work your toward! Are readily available for rent at your local home center out into your floor is applied... The applicator a couple of feet away from the wood ’ d that... Know if the products are completely compatible see more at hardwood flooring stains and how to clean hardwood,! To contact the manufacturer to find out of hardwood floors, cabinets, trim... S going to stain hardwood floors is a great way to warm up your room and add value your!, home remodeling, home remodeling, home remodeling, home remodeling, home repair, and comes in high-traffic.